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When two cars collide at upwards of even 30km/h there is tremendous force put on your body from the abrupt jerking motion. Often times your neck, back, arms, and legs are affected. Here is a list of the most commonly injured body parts as a result of car accidents.

Brain and head injuries:

One of the most common and debilitating injuries suffered by drivers and passengers is an acquired brain injury caused by the head being hit or hitting an object violently. Symptoms can be mild, moderate or severe, depending on the extent of damage to the brain and the area affected.

Neck injuries

Another common form of injury from a car accident is neck injury, which can occur in more mild forms such as whiplash and neck strain, to more serious injuries like cervical dislocation and disc injury.

Symptoms of a Neck Injury

Moments after an accident, you may not realize you have been injured if there are no immediate signs of a broken bone, cuts or scrapes, or loss of consciousness. However, many muscular, neck and spinal injuries are not seen until an MRI or CT scan is performed. You might experience some other symptoms that are a sign of neck injury, such as:

  • Headaches
  • Pain in the shoulder or upper arms
  • Reduced range of motion in the neck
  • Numbness or weakness around the neck
  • Muscle spasms

As some injuries may involve the spinal cord, a person can experience pain in the extremities, like the arms and hands, if their neck has been injured.

Symptoms of Whiplash

If you have whiplash, you may experience some of the following symptoms:

  • Neck and back pain and aching
  • Neck stiffness and decreased range of motion
  • Shoulder pain and stiffness
  • Headaches (most commonly at the base of the skull radiating towards the forehead)
  • Jaw pain
  • Arm pain and weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Sensory disturbances, such as pins and needles

Some patients also experience cognitive symptoms of whiplash such as:

  • Dizziness
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Visual disturbances, such as blurred vision
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Memory problems
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Irritability

Spinal Cord Injury:

The damage to the spinal cord is caused when displaced bone fragments, disc material, or ligaments tear into spinal cord tissue, destroying axons, the part of our nerve cells that carry signals up and down the spinal cord between the brain and the rest of the body. Damage to the spinal cord often results in a loss of function or feeling.

Back injury:

The most common site of back injuries is the lower back. These injuries include: sprains and strain, herniated discs and fractured vertebrae.  They may result in pain and limit your mobility Sometimes the symptoms of even the most serious back injuries can take some time to show up after an accident. Unfortunately, back injury can cause long lasting pain and discomfort.


Following a car accident, the best thing you can do is visit your local chiropractor and physiotherapist.  Chiropractors have a deep understanding of how the body works and are able to find the root cause of your problem quickly and the physical therapist can help to restore mobility. Other accompanying treatments you may want to explore include cold laser therapy or tens machine.